Military Heritage Tourism Stories

Tales, personal memories and evidence about the military heritage locations and their history.  These stories may be about a place that can be seen, in which case they are marked on the map along with other military heritage objects.  There might also be stories about objects that have disappeared and can no longer be found.  These are not on the map.

Note:  Not all of the stories will necessarily relate to historically proven facts.  They are based on people's personal memories, experiences and understanding of historical events.

Rauna Freedom Monument or Monument to the members of Rauna parish who fell in the First World War and the War of Independence

The origins of the idea of the Rauna Freedom Monument can be traced back to August 21, 1929, when the head of the city of Cēsis and the head of the Cēsis district invited the most prominent public employees of Rauna parish to a meeting, calling to honor the acquisition of freedom and build a monument in Rauna.

Memories of the border area

Various scenes of life from the Soviet times, remembered by Gunārs Anševics, once living in the border area.

Undva Military Base

On August 22, 1940, 594 ha of land was allocated for the construction of the Soviet military base No. 32 (Undva) on the Tagamõisa peninsula.

Hero of the Soviet Union - Lieutenant Jakob Kunder of the 8th Estonian Corps

The heroic action of Jakob Kunder, the fallen officer of the 8th Estonian Rifle Corps of the Red Army, ensured a successful battalion attack, but he himself perished and a monument to Jacob Kunder is dedicated to the place of the fall and a monument is erected in the Tušķi Brothers' Cemetery.

Aidu võidualtari lugu

The story of the demolition of the victory altar of the War of Independence in Aidu and the history of its remains.

7. Formation of Sigulda Infantry Regiment

On June 20, 1919, in the Naukšēni manor, near Rūjiena, the formation of the 7th Sigulda Infantry Regiment was started, according to the order of the Commander of the Northern Latvia Brigade, Colonel Jorgs Zemitans. Initially, a small battle group of 22 officers and 1,580 soldiers was formed from the Northern Latvian Brigade Reserve Battalion, which was named the Danker Division in honor of its first commander, Oskars Dankers. A few days later, the unit was included in the 2nd Battalion of the 3rd Jelgava Regiment, but on August 23, adding to the number of jewelry - in the 7th Sigulda Infantry Regiment.

Efforts to prevent the blowing up of Ķegums HPP

During the Second World War, when the armies retreated, a large part of the militarily and logistically important objects in Latvia were blown up, so that these resources would not remain with the current opponents. Such objects were also in the vicinity of Ķegums, where one of the most important objects is the Ķegums HPP, which, however, was not completely destroyed due to the efforts and efforts of its employees.

About the last Vidzeme partisan group

An incredible story about how the Chekists "surrendered" in front of the last partisan group in Vidzeme, asking them to come out of the forest.

For the first Commander-in-Chief of the Latvian Army David Simanson

The essays of the book "Latvian Army Commanders" convince that history is significantly influenced by specific people. Although at the epicenter of the most important historical events for a short time, the true Latvian patriots, with their rich military experience, managed to accomplish a lot in the formation and strengthening of the Latvian army and the turn of historical events.
This story is about the first commander-in-chief of the Latvian army, David Simanson (1859-1933).

A commemorative badge dedicated to Admiral Makarov has been found in the courtyard

A small military relic can testify to an extensive historical story. And although the badge represents the events that took place during the Russo-Japanese War, it shows the variegated military history and the involvement of our Latvian riflemen in other military conflicts both before and after the Wars of Independence.

Memories of Jean Lipki

The Soviet occupation was followed by the German occupation. The Nazis committed crimes against the people of Latvia. One such ethnic group was the Jews. Initially, ghettos were established, but then the extermination of the Jews followed. Many Latvians saved Jews from extermination. One of them is Jean Lipke.

How the Treaty of Tartu came to be

Marching of young soldiers around a house in Tartu, where peace talks were held. It was a kind of psychological attack.

United Aviation Festival - a real national holiday

The narrator describes one of the most popular and widely attended events in Latvia - the Aviation Festival in Spilve. Describes the course and scope of the festival. The popularity of aviation in Latvia is emphasized.

The story of O. Kalpaks bridge

In its more than 100 years of existence, the bridge has survived two wars and different owners, which affected the operation of the bridge. During the First World War, the bridge was blown up, but after the war it was rebuilt, but already in 1926 it was damaged again by the steamer "Narne". The bridge was rebuilt again, but it also suffered during the Second World War, when the attacking Soviet army fired at the port of Liepaja.

Aviator Utochkin's flights in Tartu

The first flights in the Estonian sky - a pilot over Utotškin Raad in 1912.

Crossing the border area

"Propusk" or permission to cross the border area was as mandatory as a bus ticket.

Monument to the commander of the 67th Red Army Rifle Division N. Dedayev

To the north of the South Fort is the largest cemetery in Liepaja - the Central. In the southern part of the cemetery, the Red Army Brothers' Cemetery was established, where Soviet soldiers who had fallen in the vicinity of Liepaja were reburied, including Major General Nikolai Dedayev, Commander of the 67th Rifle Division, who commanded the defense of Liepaja in June 1941.

Memories from the diary left abroad - service at Ķegums HPP

Jānis Jaunozoliņš. "Memories from the Diary Left Abroad" (August 16, 1944-13.10.1946) Excerpts.

Monument to the Liberators of Southern Estonia

A list of the material and cost of making the monument.

In the memories of Robert Ancāns at the Battle of Pilsbliden

Roberts Ancāns (November 11, 1919 - January 1, 1982) was an officer of the Latvian Legion, a knight of the Knights of the Iron Cross, who took part in the battles at Pilsblīdene on March 16 and 17, 1945. The sixth battle of Kurzeme continues for the fourth day. Ancāns had served in the vicinity of Pilsbīdene and was therefore well acquainted with these places. The Ancan division is once again diverted to another break in the front - an 8km deep invasion by the Red Army. Ancan is wounded in these battles.

Battle of Redan in November 1919

Donāts Pudulis was the chief sergeant of the Liepāja War Port Command, who received the Lāčplēsis War Order for resourcefulness and heroism on November 14, 1919, when after an enemy attack on the Redan Fortress, he took over fort, receiving 8 prisoners and 2 active machine guns. His life before the battles near Liepaja is interesting. In 1911, at the age of 16, he volunteered for the Siberian Rifle Regiment. In 1914 he took part in the battles against the German army near Warsaw, Łódź and elsewhere on the Polish front, and later in the battles against the Austrian army. In 1915, he traveled to Vladivostok as part of a Russian expeditionary corps to France and fought for 4 months near Verden. There he suffered a heavy contusion and was evacuated back to Russia. At the beginning of 1917 he joined the Latvian Rifle Regiment, but on April 7, 1919 - in the Latvian Armed Forces in Liepaja.

The secret of Tukums airfield

Tukums airfield keeps a secret that no one has solved yet - is there really a nuclear missile warhead in the territory of the airfield, which is ordered there by the special service of the Russian army, I left the airfield in the 90s?

Death of Latvian merchant ships during the evacuation of Tallinn at the beginning of the Second World War

As German forces rapidly approached Tallinn, an ambitious Tallinn evacuation naval operation took place. During this time, many ships and their crews, along with people on board, were killed in minefields and from aviation attacks or shore artillery fire.

Google Translate
Kolka Coast Guard observation tower

The border guard tower is hidden in the last pines of the Cape of Kolka, where the border guard post was constantly located during the USSR and the small masonry wall next to it is now abandoned and destroying destiny.

An entry in the diary of the moment when soldiers learn about preparing for the Christmas battles.

Latvian riflemen and their officers were informed at the last minute about the start of the battle. Rūdolfs Ivanovs, a non-commissioned officer of the 5th Zemgale Latvian Rifle Regiment, described in the diary the last evening before the start of the battle. A short, but bright and authentic text that shows a very important moment for a soldier - learns about the day of battle.

Kolka Cape border guard observation tower

During the USSR, border guards observed and controlled the waters of the Irbe Strait from this tower, and at that time it was often said that even a duck could not swim through this strait without the knowledge of the border guards.

The story of 19-year-old Alfons Volgemuts about the intelligence battle on February 17, 1945 near Priekule

Alfon Wolgemut was a 19-year-old boy, a radio operator and served in the Nazi German army.

"No one has returned from this operation and it is not known if anyone has survived at all. I myself took part in this warfare as a nineteen-year-old radio operator and I am one of the 2, later 3, survivors who were taken prisoner by the Russians. I want to cover the events from my own experience. ”

War airfield near Tukums

Today, in Soviet times, army destroyers stood in barely visible, overgrown hangars on the highway to Tukums. Even in those days, the airfield with hangars was disguised and ignorant people did not know about it.

Nature photo on the coast of Užava

The story of a photo of a protected plant in the border zone.

 
Bērzaine Gymnasium - witness of the First World War

In the spring and summer of 1915, German troops occupied Kurzeme and Zemgale. The troops of the warring parties were stationed on the banks of the Daugava. Vidzeme became a frontline territory, but Cēsis became a frontline city, in the vicinity of which the 12th Army Headquarters of the Northern Front of the Tsarist Russian Army was located, which moved to Birkenruh bei Wenden .

The first refugee boat "Zeal" from Bambali

On October 31, 1944, the boat "Centiba" left the coast of Kurzeme. Valentīne Lasmane, a liaison officer of the Central Council of Latvia, reconstructed the departure of this boat from the descriptions of the memories of several peers.

Exhumation of Soviet army soldiers in Blīdene parish in 2019

In July 2019, the soldier search unit "Legend" exhumed the ashes of 66 soldiers in the forest in Blīdene parish. Due to the superficiality or inaction committed during the Soviet era, most of these soldiers are considered to have been officially reburied during the Soviet years. The names of these soldiers are even engraved on the tombstones in the Tušķi brothers' cemetery.

"Here will be the Latvian SSR NPP!"

Andris Zaļkalns (born 1951, Chairman of the Vērgale Village Council of People's Deputies (1982-1989)) recalls the time when a nuclear power plant was almost built in Akmeņrags.

Memorial to the assassination of Kārlis Ulmanis

On April 15, 1920, in a wooded area on the Lubāna - Dzelzava highway, an assassination attempt was made against Kārlis Ulmanis, who was the Prime Minister of Latvia at the time. A memorial plaque was erected on this place between the border of Dzelzava and Indrāni parishes on August 11, 1939.

Strangulation of Bishop Heinrich III

In 1381, the 80-year-old Bishop of Saare-Lääne Heinrich III found its end in the castle.

About the Corner House

The narrator describes the first impressions of getting to the Corner House. Memories reveal the harsh living conditions of the prisoners.

We were all sons of fathers who won the War of Independence

Endel Laul räägib oma isa loo, kes osales Eesti Vabadussõjas Kõnnu lahingus ja napilt hukkamisest pääses.

Memories of Artūrs Ozols about the ship "Saratov"

Artūrs Ozols had graduated from the Riga Polytechnic and as a naval officer (engineer) and engineer in the Russian Black Sea Fleet, he served on the warship Panteleimon. Artūrs Ozols' memories of the ship "Saratov" were published in the monthly issue of Dauagava Vanagi

70 years of Kalevipoeg. Will Kalevipoeg finally return home?

A story about the moods that prevailed in Tartu and among the students immediately after the statue of Kalevipoeg was taken down in 1950.

 
A monument dedicated to the ornamentation of students of the Cēsis Regiment at the former Livu Parish House

The company of volunteers of the Cēsis Regiment took part in the battles of Cēsis in 1919, which was formed as a battle unit of 108 young people of Valmiera and Cēsis schools on June 5 in the premises of Cēsis Progymnasium. Already on the night of June 5 to 6, an hour after midnight, there was anxiety and the ornament was ordered to go into positions. Rota went on the line Mācītājsmuiža - Meijermuiža, which was considered to be the most important battlefield.
In the first battle, several students were injured, but Edgars Krieviņš from Valmiera died from a very serious abdominal injury on the same day. On June 13, he was buried in a military honor at the Valmiera City Cemetery. After his death, Edgars Krieviņš was awarded the Lāčplēsis War Order.

The story of the Yak-28

JAK-28 planes abandoned by Soviet forces and their rare radars.

Injury of Major General N. Dedajev at the Middle Fort of Liepāja Fortress

In June 1941, the successful attack of the German army reached Liepāja, when Liepāja was attacked by the 291st Infantry Division of the German Armed Forces. At the beginning of the war between Nazi Germany and the USSR Soviet Army in June 1941, the Liepaja garrison consisted of units of the Liepaja Naval Base and the Red Army. Major General N. Dedayev was fatally wounded during these battles

The legend of Ruhnu Lighthouse

The parts of the boiler plate lighthouse produced in the factory were transported by Ruhnu ship.

Bomb Hill

Bumbu Hill is a high hill in the Bolderāja dunes, Kleistu Forest, Rīga. Memorial to the Latvian Freedom Fights. During the Bermontiad in November 1919, the command post of the Latgale Division led by Krišjānis Berkis was located here. The 6th Riga Infantry Regiment, attacking from Bumbu Hill, captured Sudrabkalniņa. A memorial plaque was erected in 1939 and destroyed in 1969. The memorial site was restored in 1989.

Winged soldiers

The use of pigeons or mail pigeons was a widely used means of communication in the early 20th century.

In the footsteps of tension

People's memory is sometimes quite short. Now that everyone can go and go wherever they want, many cry for the lost cheap sausage, but have already forgotten that right behind Mērsrags, a striped boom and armed Russian soldiers, called border guards, often landed in front of the road, were passed only with written and stamped props. And not every inhabitant of the Latvian SSR could receive a permit, but only one who had first received a so-called invitation from the Roja or Kolka village council, on the basis of which he could (or could not) receive a visa to enter his militia in ten days. in the restricted border area. I had bought a house on this unfortunate coast of Kurzeme, so every spring I and my family members also had to pray and land so that the authorities would renew the entry permit.

Battle at the Little Jugla River / Riga operation

The narrator describes his impressions of the beginning of the Riga operation, when the artillery of the German army starts firing on the positions of the Russian army. Describes the chaos that stands out in the Russian army and the mood of Latvian riflemen before the battles.

Strangers in the border area

Border guards have had a special way of finding out about strangers in the border area.

Jānis Sūna's memories of the time spent in the Grieze filtration camp

In his autobiographical book, lawyer Jānis Sūna has published memories of his time in the Grieze filtration camp.

The last battle of the 3rd armored train of the German army at Vaiņode station

In October 1944, the German army retires. The 3rd armored train arrives at Vaiņode station.

As a result of the collapse of the German front, only small units of the German 61st Infantry Division were supported on the eastern outskirts of Vaiņode, supported by an armed train. The resistance was quickly overcome and on the evening of October 9, the whole Vaiņode was under the full control of the Red Army.

The report of the commander of the German army train No. 3 reflects the tense events of those days and the loss of the armored train No. 3.

World War I trenches by Väike Strait

The events of the war began on the islands on September 29, 1917, when the German army landed in Saaremaa near Tagalahti.

Kārlis Zāle and the Freedom Monument

The narrator describes Kārlis Zali as a personality who created the most famous works of Latvian art. The description is dedicated to the commemoration of the hall in 1942 (the year of K. Hall's death). The memories have been chosen to describe K. Zāle's works based on the author's personal qualities and perception of the world.

Avinurme lahing

The Battle of Avinurme and the bloodshed by the Soviet military.

Legend of the walled-in knight

According to legend, in 1785, a Russian engineer who had drawn up a plan for a convent building found a basement in the eastern corner of the courtyard of the fortress.

Life on the Kegums side during World War II

Memories of a distant wartime flare up. For the older generation, it would remind them of their own experiences, perhaps bored of the young.

Prohibited lighthouses and the sea shore

During the USSR, the sea coast in North and West Kurzeme was in fact closed to military areas, but it was forbidden to visit lighthouses and even take photos.

 
Corncrake Prison Camp in 1945

In 2020, I. Kupce tells about his family member's father's experience in the Grieze Soviet filtration camp in 1945, after the capitulation of the German army in Kurzeme.

The story of Ventspils 46th Coast Guard Battery Fire Correction Tower

Ventspils military heritage site is unique in that it is one of the few coastal defense structures in Latvia and the Baltics that depicts the history of World War II fortifications. It is also unique in that it is a military object built by the Soviet Union during the years of independence of the Republic of Latvia, and in a way symbolizes the inability of a small country to confront the great powers on the eve of World War II. It is the only well-preserved coastal protection battery, without historical layers and in a complete set of buildings. This object shows the development of the entire Soviet military concept from 1939 until the withdrawal of Soviet troops in 1994.

About Kolka coast border guards

Memories of Valija Laukšteine, a resident of Kolka, about the times in Kolka when there were border guards.

 
Memories of the Kolka border area

Memories of Biruta Freimane, a resident of Kolka, about the border area.

"Wind. Despite. And the Liv flag. ” (excerpt) - Ghost ships and barbed wire

Gunta Kārkliņa's memories of the Soviet times on the Liv coast - how did the boat cemetery appear there?

The fate of Alexander Stebel, the battery commander.

The fate of the legendary battery commander, Alexander Stebel, is overshadowed by a veil of mystery.

On Košradznieki relations with Soviet army

Imants Upner's memories of the Soviet era.

Skulte military bomber

An article in a newspaper vividly demonstrates the situation in modern Latvia, when environmental objects glorifying the Soviet occupation army have been preserved and even restored in many places (often at the expense of the municipality). The indecision of power and the lack of will create long-lasting, confrontational situations in society. The various monuments, memorials and environmental objects are not perceived as places of history or memorial, but as instruments that continue the ideology of the Soviet occupation regime.

Shin beach protection battery no. 43

As early as 1907, Russia began to prepare for the development of pre-defense positions in its capital, St. Petersburg.

Riga Central Market hangars

At the time of the creation of the Riga Central Market, it was one of the most modern markets in the world. It was based on the metal construction of the hangars of the German army airships of the First World War. The author describes the preconditions for the construction of the Riga Central Market and the scope of construction works, making it one of the largest buildings after the war in Latvia and one of the most modern markets in the world.

Memories of Spilve helicopter base

During the Soviet era, there was a helicopter base in the southwestern part of Spilve Airport. It could be well seen from the nearby Kleistu forest dunes, as well as from the Riga-Bolderāja railway branch, which led to the Riga varnish and paint factory.

Karosta - German He-111 landing place in 1939 on the beach of Liepaja

The events of the Second World War were echoed in Latvia as well. On September 11, 1939, a German bomber Henkel He-111, while flying into Polish cities, strayed from the course at night and made an emergency landing on the beach in Liepaja. Vilis Zobens, a resident of Liepaja, the deputy officer of the communication department of the Kurzeme division, tells about this event in his memoirs. The landing place of the aircraft in nature is not marked. The approximate coordinates of the place are N 56.59368 ° E 21.01598 ° - on the beach near the northern forts.

The Battle of Rannu and collected texts from the area – reasons to be proud of Rannu

About the Battle of Rannu and its connections with the work "Names on a Marble Slab".

On the occupation of Latvia

The existence of the independent state of Latvia in 1940 was interrupted by the occupation and annexation by the Soviet Union, or incorporation into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).

The forgotten shore of Livonia

The area of the last Liv villages on the northwest coast of Latvia has been systematically destroyed by the Council since 1950 and declared a restricted area. In 12 fishing villages, only a small handful of this nation survived, which is currently experiencing a kind of cultural renaissance.

Recollections of Olev Metsmaa

The base of seaplanes was built in Papissaare and the air defense batteries of Kiirassaare were built.

Liberation of Northern Latgale from the Bolsheviks

On December 1, 1918, parts of the Red Army, based on the Red Rifle units, invaded the territory of Latvia. In order to protect their homes, families, native counties and escape from terror, the men around Balvi took up arms and went into the forests, and the first "green" groups began to form. In the spring of 1919, when the mobilization was announced, many men in the Balvi area were not allowed to fight in the Soviet Latvian army and they joined the "green" groups. Balvi, Silakrog, Rugāji, Teteru-Dūrupe and Liepna groups were formed. In the vicinity of Balvi, the activity of "green" groups became more active in March 1919.

The place of the tragedy in the history of Latvia is still unclear

During the Second World War, when most of Latvia was already controlled by the Soviet Union, but Kurzeme was ruled by Hitler's German local authorities, the so-called Kurels in Kurzeme began the struggle for the restoration of Latvia's national independence.

 
Forest Daughter Domicella Pundure (Lucia)

Domicella Pundure is 90. At Riga Castle on May 3, 2018, she received the Order of Viesturs from the hands of President Raimonds Vejonis for special merits in the national resistance movement and in defending the country's independence. Domicella Pundure remains the last witness to the battle of Stompaku bog.

Avinurme mehed Eesti Vabadussõjas 1918 – 1920

Eesti Vabadussõjas toimunud Lohusuu lahingust ja seal osalenud meestest ja relvadest.

The sunken ship in Mangalsala

During the Soviet era, the concrete cargo ship Lady Cotlin crashed here in the military zone, the remains of which can still be seen at sea near the shore. Various myths are still associated with this.

Google Translate
Coastal battery at Olmaņi

To the north of Ventspils is another significant coastal battery. It was located in Olmani and was called Krasnoflotskaya.

 
About the cannons of Liepāja fortress

In the northern part of the fortress there was one of the four built coastal protection batteries - Battery No. 1, but at the time of the fort's demolition its armament was not fully installed.

From Adolf Ers' book "Vidzeme in the Freedom Fights" about the life of refugees in Valka

From the time of the refugees, Valka agreed to play a more important role than other cities in Vidzeme, because the politically active newspaper Līdums was located here, where Latvia's spiritual and political weapons were minted, and also because there was a crossroads where roads from three On the Latvian side: from Riga, Alūksne, Mozekile, and also from Estonia and Russia, she had links with refugees everywhere - in Tartu, Pliskava, Moscow and St. Petersburg. There was a large refugee center here.

About the Latvian War of Independence and the events of 1918 in Aluksne

In 1918, when German troops entered Alūksne, Latvian rifle battalions retreated to Soviet Russia. Until the beginning of December 1918, the German regime was established and reorganized. After Germany succumbed to the war, the Bolsheviks returned to Aluksne and regained power. During the Latvian War of Independence, Finnish volunteers also fought in the Estonian army. On February 21, 1919, fierce battles took place between the Bolsheviks and the Finnish Volunteer Regiment "Northern Boys" in Aluksne, near the station.

Visit of General Ridiger von der Goltz to Rudbārži in February 1919

In February 1919, German General Ridiger von der Goltz was appointed commander of the German armed forces in Kurzeme and Northern Lithuania, including the Landeswehr, which included the 1st Separate Latvian Battalion, after a successful anti-military campaign in Finland. Visiting the front in February 1919, he also arrived in Rudbārži. The general's visit was described in his memories by the battalion's special task officer, Lieutenant Jānis Ķīselis.

Pāvilostnieki

The residents of Pāvilosta Aina Jakovļeva and Irina Kurčanova share their memories of the Soviet times in Pāvilosta.

The story of a unique military object in Karosta

For years, I have not noticed any lasting interest in the unique places in Vecliepaja Liepāja only eight to ten kilometers north of the city center. However, hidden in the forest frequency, on the dune shore or in the bog trails, the historical objects of Karosta are no less interesting historical facts and stories worth long-forgotten legends. This story will be about one of them - the former USSR 23rd artillery battery.

 
Memorial moment in the Garrison Cemetery

After the restoration of Latvia's independence, Uldis Veldre, the head of the department of the Alūksne Brothers' Cemetery Committee, took care of the maintenance of the Garrison Cemetery, the identification of the LKOK-related resting places related to Alūksne and the installation of memorials in the Garrison Cemetery.

Akmeņrags military complex

There was a military complex in Akmeņrags during the Soviet era.

About Christmas battles

The Christmas battle ended on January 11. The Latvian riflemen of the heavily fortified position of the German army - Ložmetējkalns - managed to take the battle on the third day. The price of Christmas battles was very high. Hundreds of Latvian and other Russian army soldiers had lost their lives trying to knock the Germans out of position. The narrator vividly describes the scenes on the battlefield after the end of the Christmas battles.

Stebel battery construction

Battery construction was hugely expensive.

Kogula Airport in Saaremaa

The Kogula Air Force Base was established in August 1940.

The daily routine of Latvian riflemen on the Island of Death

Memories vividly describe the daily life of soldiers on the Island of Death.

Liepāja - at the crossroads of various historical events

The inhabitants of Liepāja were among the first to feel the beginning of the Second World War in Latvia and one of the last to end the war, both directly and symbolically. World War II and the Soviet occupation of Liepaja ended only in 1994, when it was left by the last heirs of the USSR, Russia.

Why did the Olympic Games not take place in Latvia .... or submarine repairs in Daugavgriva, Baltic Naval Repair Plant

When Moscow was preparing for the Summer Olympics in 1980, the question was: where to hold a sailing competition? It turns out that the choice fell initially to Riga, because there are ideal conditions for sailing in the Gulf of Riga and the city is also old and beautiful, will not be ashamed. However, some Rigans still remember or the younger generation has read on the Internet that Riga, as if .. has given up this high honor and therefore the organization of the competition has been moved to Pirita, a suburb of Tallinn. The Estonians received huge funding and built a new and modern complex for sailing and recreation, which after the end of the Olympics no one was traveling to admire .... But now one interesting nuance has been revealed - it has become known why Riga has given up this honor ...

Battle of Cesis on the shores of Amata

At the bridge over the Amata, a German Landeswehr attacks an Estonian armored train that has arrived for negotiations. Estonians open fire, Germans are beaten and the armored train returns to Cēsis.

Lõpe-Kaimri defence line

On September 16, 1941, in connection with the successful invasion of German forces in Muhu and Saaremaa, the construction of a line of defense was started in the area between the villages of Lõpe –Teesü –Kaimri.

Fake amber on the Liepāja side

For more than twenty years, the seaside of Liepāja has been dangerous due to fake amber, which the sea tends to wash away from its depths especially during spring and autumn storms.

Riga ghetto and the Holocaust

Three fragments of the stories of different people's memories have been deliberately chosen, which allows us to look more closely at the Holocaust crime from different points of view.

Par Sudrabkalniņa atklāšanas svētkiem

Atmiņu stāsta izvilkums no ģenerāļa Jāņa Baloža uzrunas Sudrabkalniņa pieminekļa atklāšanas dienā. Pilnā tekstā ir atstāsts par atklāšanas pasākuma norisi, Valsts prezidenta Kārļa Ulmaņa un ģenerāļa Jāņa Baloža uzrunas. Atmiņas izvēlētas, jo spilgti parāda to kādā stāvoklī bija Latvijas armija, kura cīnās Sudrabkalniņa apkaimē.

About Latvian riflemen in the Olaine area

The memories reflect the daily life of Latvian riflemen in the Olaine area. Not only the living conditions are described, but also the usual task - intelligence of the opponent's positions.

Soviet aviation raids on the outskirts of Liepaja in October and December 1944

At the end of World War II, German forces were able to defend themselves successfully in Kurzeme for seven months, as the German Navy maintained its combat capabilities until the end of World War II and provided supplies to the army group North and later Kurzeme. The main port was Liepaja, through which 80% of all cargo was delivered and delivered. As a result, Liepāja became an important target for the Soviet Baltic Navy and long-haul aviation.

Settlement of Sēlija forest brothers in Sūpe bog

Sūpe swamp is connected with the places of guerrilla settlements and fighting, which have developed in the interaction of people and places. This is described in the ballad of the Latvian exile Albert Eglītis about the events in his homeland in Sūpe mire "Moss and mud" - a tribute to the partisans of Sūpe mire:

Latvian Army armored train No.5 or "Kalpaks"

The Latvian Army train No. 5 or "Kalpaks" was a light armored train in the Latvian Armed Forces in 1919.

About the Salaspils Memorial as a symbol of the ideology of the Soviet occupation regime.

The description vividly describes the extent to which a place of remembrance is politicized and its role in the ideology of the Soviet Union. The text states that one of the main goals is to fight the "rebirth of fascism". This shows that efforts with ideological infrastructure to hide communist crimes and prevent dissent are continuing. Memorial sites, Soviet army cemeteries and museums, and various cultural events maintained the myth of the "liberation of Latvia" and the "Brother Soviet Union." An inverted view of the events of World War II in Latvia was created using the facts of Nazi crimes.

The unusual story of the Cēsis Regiment Students' Jewelry Monument

In the Cēsis battles of 1919, a group of volunteers from the Cēsis Regiment took part in the battles of the Cēsis Regiment. Already on the night of June 5 to 6, an hour after midnight, there was anxiety and the ornament was ordered to go into positions. Rota went on the line Mācītājsmuiža - Meijermuiža, which was considered to be the most important battlefield.

Creation of defensive positions.

The description looks at the battlefield fortification in general. It is based on the experience of the First World War and the situation when it is necessary to organize extensive work on the fortifications.

Tartu celebrates 1919 victory in Tähtvere

Description of the Battle of Tähtvere in the Estonian War of Independence in January 1919, during which Estonian troops liberated Tartu from the Red Army.

Memorial sites and burials of refugees from Kurzeme and Zemgale in Cēsis

Before the First World War, 2552 thousand people lived in the territory of Latvia. people. The 1920 census registered 1,596 thousand people. people. This means that during this period the population of Latvia had decreased by 956 thousand. people or by 37.5%.
In the summer of 1915, German troops occupied Kurzeme and Zemgale. More than half a million refugees fled their homelands in an endless stream. The first refugees arrived in Cēsis in April 1915.

I turn to the sea time

Edgars Hausmanis tells about life on the shores of the Baltic Sea at different times. Edgar has something to remember, we have something to learn.

Staareksponaadist soomusauto

Between the two world wars, Estonia's own armored cars were made at the Arsenal military factory. One copy of them is in the Jõgewa Military Museum.

March 1917 - an important month in the history of Valmiera and Latvia

In March 1917, more than a year before the proclamation of the State of Latvia, the Vidzeme Provisional Land Council was founded in Valmiera, which adopted a resolution on Latvia's right to autonomy and self-determination. On the day of the founding of the Council, a red-white-red flag was raised at the meeting place for the first time.

Excerpt from the founding of the Northern Latvian Army on the Rūjiena side

The Army of Northern Latvia was a Latvian military formation during the Latvian War of Independence, which was established on the territory of Estonia and in the liberated regions of North Vidzeme from February 3 to March 31, 1919. Until July 1919, the brigade was subordinate to the Estonian Armed Forces Headquarters and the Commander-in-Chief of the Estonian Army in terms of logistics and operations. It was then merged with the Southern Latvian Brigade to form the Latvian Army.

Jānis Lapiņš and the sketch of the first Latvian red - white - red flag

The creation of the Latvian national flag took place during the First World War. In 1915, when creating the flags of the Latvian Rifle Battalion, some artists offered red-white-red colors for the flag cast. After the teacher and journalist Jānis Lapiņš threw the red-white-red flag in the second half of 1916, it was made by his student, Marianna Straumane, a teacher at the Valmiera Refugee Shelter. It is the first known and actually made Latvian national flag, which has also survived to this day.

10 facts about how the peace of Tartu was born

One of the most striking stories about the birth of the peace of Tartu is how young soldiers were made to march around the city in the winter of 1919/1920. It probably started with the failure of the border negotiations. estap Colonel Viktor Puskar, Commander of the Second Division, ordered the Tartu School Students' Battalion to march around the city in such a way as to repeatedly pass from Aia (now Vanemuise) Street near the conference house as well as Veski Street, where the Russian delegation stopped

Kurzeme (Female) monument

During the First World War, a monument in the form of a woman was created by the German army

Cēsis New Castle - walls where the security of the Latvian state has been created and identity documents are still protected

Cēsis New Castle was built on a military fortification - the ruins of a medieval castle. However, this is by no means the only military significance of the building.

About the National Patriot Chief Lieutenant Vili Gelbi

The fate of Senior Lieutenant Viļa Gelbe (1890-1919) reflects the difficult situation in the formation of our country and army, as well as in the evaluation of these events.
With the proclamation of the Latvian state on November 18, 1918, the War of Independence and the work of forming the armed forces also began. Vilis Gelbe, a naval lieutenant born in Kurzeme, was in the front ranks of Latvian volunteers.

Pranks and games with military ammunition

After the Second World War, the land of Latvia was full of the physical remnants of the war. It was a large number of rounds, unexploded ordnance and simple cartridges. Even today, especially in places where there has been active warfare, unexploded ordnance is found, which is very rare, while in the post-war years these charges in the forests and even in the courtyards were the everyday life of the inhabitants and even children's toys.

Rescue the Nega River Bridge from blasting

By the time the Germans retreated in 1944, many important sites had been blown up and it was very difficult to prevent, but there are also stories of miraculous events where the courage of the locals and the tolerance of a soldier allow salmon to survive in places important to the locals. One of the stories is also about a discussion between a housewife and a German soldier who saved an entire bridge from being blown up.

Night Battle of Tehumardi

In the dark of October 8, advanced and retreating German troops met at the village of Tehumardi.

Monument to the War of Independence in Mustjala

The monument to the Mustjala War of Independence was a memorial stone during the Republic of Estonia.

About the Latvian War of Independence and the events of 1919 in Aluksne

On March 27, 1919, the 1st Valmiera Infantry Regiment, together with the Estonian bodyguard Tallinn (then Rēvele) and Tērbata battalions, as well as three armed trains from the banks of the Melnupe, began the liberation of Latvia from the Bolsheviks.

About Upīškalns former military object

Memories of Valdis Pigožns (former head of Kurmale parish during the operation of "Upīškalns") about Upīškalns military base.

Cape and ship Saratov

It can be considered that Liepāja was the capital of Latvia for a short time, because during the War of Independence, the Provisional Government was on board the ship Saratov in this city. The ship Saratov took the interim government to Riga after its release, but many do not know that the history of the ship, which is so important to us, ended at sea near Akmenrags.

 
The corncrake camp in 1945 - a place where destinies were dissolved

Historian Roberts Sipenieks talks about the finds at the site of the Grieze filtration camp

About Finnish Jaegers in Latvia

The history of Finnish Jaegers is interesting because it is extremely similar to the fate of Latvian soldiers in World War I and its great role in the formation of the nation state. For the Finns, World War I also provided an opportunity to lay the foundations for Finland's independence and the creation of its army. The source describes an event when a monument to Finnish Jaegers is unveiled in Latvia.

Latvia and Estonia are building modern submarines

Latvia and Estonia are choosing new and modern weapons to strengthen their military forces - submarines built in France and Great Britain. Two submarines of the Latvian Navy later did not take part in World War II naval battles, but one of the two Estonian submarines dies, while the surviving Lembit is now on display in the restored seaplane hangars in Tallinn in the museum exposition.

Google Translate
Tukums reserve aerodrome management in the 90s.

With the departure of the Soviet occupation forces, the looting of many former war bases began. Soviet soldiers tried to take out as much as possible and leave the degraded infrastructure. After the departure of the troops, these bases continued to be looted by civilians and to exploit former military infrastructure.

Memoirs of Talava Megnis from Kocēni about the events in the 1991 barricades in Riga

Memoirs of Talava Megnis from Kocēni about the events in the 1991 barricades in Riga.
"On January 13, about 40 residents of Kocēni left Laz, driver Vitālijs Sprukts and minibus Latvija, driver Jānis Grava for the demonstration in Riga.
After the demonstration, when we met at the buses, we repeatedly heard on the radio the call of the Latvian People's Front, those who can, to stay in Riga and defend strategically important objects to make it more difficult to capture them, similarly to Vilnius television. We saw these footage filmed by Podnieks before leaving for Riga.

Mines, bombs, torpedoes and chemical weapons in the Baltic Sea

In the first days of February 2010, a message appeared on the Swedish TV channel SVT, which caused shock and deep surprise to many.

 
Border regime area

About times in the border regime area.

Colonel Kalpak's last battle near Airīte

Colonel Kalpaks was a respected man in the military and a true patriot of Latvia. It was the spirit of patriotism and the unfortunate coincidence that led to a fatal clash between him and the German battalions, which unfortunately ended in the death of Colonel Kalpak.

Google Translate
Closing Memories of True Value

Major Sulev Truuväärt, an islander who had served in Dejevo, recalled that a soldier had died in the army during his time.

Julius Kuperjanov and his tomb

The tomb of Julius Kuperjanov, the hero of the War of Independence, became a symbol of resistance during the Soviet era.

How Reola was liberated

Description of the Battle of Reola in January 1919, considered one of the turning points of the War of Independence, during which the Estonian troops thwarted the Red Army's attempt to conquer Tartu.

Army presence in Mangalsala

I remember vivid impressions about the presence of the Latvian army in Mangalsala. The forts as well as the reinforced concrete fortification built by Sapieri are described. Memories describe the daily life of soldiers, the rhythm of life and illustrate the environment in Mangalsala. Visit of soldiers of Mangalsala and Latvian army

1. Crossing of the Latvian Separate Battalion Venta on March 3, 1919

When starting the liberation of Kurzeme from the Bolsheviks, one of the main challenges for the units of the 1st Latvian Separate Battalion was to cross the frozen Venta River and build a road over it.

About D.Breiksis national partisan group

The memorial site is located on the site of the former “Daiņkalni” and “Graškalni” houses of Rauna Parish, under which a group of national partisans led by Dailonis Breiks (nickname Edgars, 1911-1952) hid in the bunkers created from 1950 to 1952.

Heroism of Colonel Oscar Kalpak in the Battle of Skrunda

Colonel Oskars Kalpaks gained respect in the eyes of his soldiers by personal example and encouragement of soldiers.

Deportation echelon secretly photographed at Skrunda station in 1949

On March 25, 1949, Elmārs Heniņš, a student at Skrunda, experienced his classmates being taken away. Taking a camera and climbing a pine on a nearby hill, he documented what was happening, later hiding the pictures.

Pēteris Supe - the initiator of the founding of the Latvian National Partisan Association

From 1944 to 1946, Peter Supem managed to unite the national partisan units scattered in the forests in an organized movement that fought against the occupation of Latvia in the Abrene district for several years after the Second World War. Pēteris Supe, nicknamed "Cinītis", was one of the most outstanding organizers and leaders of the national guerrilla movement in Northern Latgale.

Damage to Irbene radio telescopes

Before leaving Irbene, the army part damaged all radio telescope systems

 
Aizporu half manor in the War of Independence

Aizporu half-manor, Aizpute region, Kalvene parish is the farthest place in Latvia to the west, to which the separate battalion of Colonel Oskars Kalpaks retreated.

Halfway between Rudbārži and Kalveni, on the side of the road, is the Aizpore cemetery. There is a monument and 12 memorials to the residents of the surrounding houses - volunteers of the Oskars Kalpaks battalion.

About the events of the children's colony "Dwarfs" during the pre-war and World War II

The families of the guerrilla supporters were deprived of their children. In March 1943, there were 1,100 children in the Salaspils camp. About 250 children died due to measles, typhoid and other diseases, several hundred children were transferred to the farms of the surrounding parishes, about 300 children ended up in orphanages in Riga's Jurmala, Igate and Saulkrasti.
In Saulkrasti, the children ended up in the children's colony "Rūķīši" of the Latvian Children's Aid Society.

On the crimes of the Red Army soldiers in Tukums.

Several monuments to the Red Army have been erected in Tukums during the Soviet occupation. Today, they have still not lost their former Soviet ideological goals and continue to create the myth of the Red Army as liberators. There are many sources for the crimes of Red Army soldiers. One group of sources can be found in local newspapers, which vividly describe the Red Army's permissiveness and the scale of the crime.

Muhu Mother

During the Soviet era, marriages were registered in the Civil Registry Office in Kingissep.

Particular remarks in the care of cyclists

The recommendations mentioned in the regulations for the training of cyclists are provided during the training of cyclists in the Latvian Army. The recommendations focus mainly on the health of the soldier.

The Estonian Navy assists Latvian forces during the War of Independence

On June 23, Estonians celebrate Victory Day, thus celebrating the joint Latvian-Estonian victory in the battles of Cēsis. And in this victory the Estonian navy played an important role, which in this Landeswehr war, as the Estonians call it, with its courageous actions and precise cannon fire in the mouth of the Daugava threatened the main supply routes of German forces across the Daugava in the immediate vicinity of Riga.

Abruka

After the outbreak of the war in the summer of 1941, the Red Soldiers were forbidden to communicate with the locals in Abruka.

Recollections of the famous blacksmith of Muhu

Andrus Müüripea (1877-1945), aka Puka from the village of Andrus Lepik, was a famous blacksmith in Muhu before the war.

Tartu on the list of US nuclear targets in the Cold War

Raadi military airfield in Tartu was the target of a US nuclear attack during the Cold War.

Stories of sunken machinery

To this day, countless stories about equipment sunk in swamps and lakes have survived in Latvia. Only a few of them are true.

Slītere fake lighthouse

During the wars, various methods of deceiving the opponent were used to deceive the opponent. In order to deceive ships at sea, false navigation signs were created, one of which could have been at the Slītere lighthouse.

 
Memories of Anšlavs Eglītis about the Latvian War of Independence and the events of 1919 in Aluksne

On March 27, 1919, the 1st Valmiera Infantry Regiment, together with the Estonian bodyguard Tallinn (then Rēvele) and Tērbata battalions, as well as three armed trains from the banks of the Melnupe, began the liberation of Latvia from the Bolsheviks.

The beginning, course and end of the battles of Cēsis

The victory in the battles of Cēsis was destined to become a turning point in the struggle of Latvians and Estonians for the independence of their country. This victory crossed the line between Andriev Niedra's government and German General Riediger von der Goltz's plans to conquer the Baltics. Instead, the Provisional Government of Kārlis Ulmanis resumed its activities in Liepāja.

"Back in Mazirbe" (excerpt)

A sharp event from the life of Vilnius Blumberg, when entering Mazirbe to visit his aunt, turned into an unpleasant misunderstanding with the border guards and a harsh night in the winter.

 
Consecration of the Finnish Jaeger flag at the Holy Trinity Cathedral in Liepaja

The first flag of the independent Finnish army was consecrated in 1918 in the Holy Trinity Church in Liepaja, where the Finnish jaegors took an oath of allegiance to the legitimate government of independent Finland before returning home.

Border guard laundry

Mirdza Stankevica, a resident of Kolka, tells her memories of the times when she was a laundry.

From Rezekne to the 1991 barricades

The narrators describe the moods and personal experiences of the Barricade period. Memories illustrate well how information can reach the people of Latvia throughout its territory.

Unrecognized soldiers. The story of a battle officer.

The Battle of Mores is an episode of the end of the Second World War, which was of great importance in the further course of the war in the territory of Latvia. The Battle of Mores marks the war in the Sigulda line of defense in the territory of Mores Parish, which took place from September 25 to October 5, 1944. In the trenches of the Sigulda line of defense, about 12 km long, the soldiers of the 19th Division of the Latvian Legion, fighting heavy battles with 10 to 15 times the enemy's defeat for 10 days, stopped the Red / Soviet army units moving towards Riga.

Memories of Captain Alexander Leving on the reconnaissance of the Venta near Lena

In February 1919, the two warring parties expanded their intelligence activities in the positions of the Venta River. Captain Alexander Leving, the head of the cavalry division, was one of the commanders of the intelligence raids.

This is how the Brothers' Cemetery was founded in Riga

The narrator describes the conditions under which the most famous Latvian memorial dedicated to fallen soldiers was established. As can be seen from the memoirs, the cemetery of folk heroes faced a number of obstacles and disadvantages - not only from the church, but also from the management of the city of Riga.

Memories of the help of Edgars Auniņš about the end of World War II Ezere

Excerpt from a memoir about the capitulation of Kurzeme in May 1945, from the memoirs of Air Helper Edgars Auniņš

Cattle at Piiri Missile Base

The pasture of the local cows was close to the missile base.

In memory of Pēteris Radziņš, General of the Latvian Army, two-time Knight of the Lāčplēsis War Order

General Pēteris Radziņš, born in Lugka Parish, Valka District, in a simple farmer's family, where he learned to do field work. He was a very smart young man, after graduating from school he decided in favor of the war and it started his army rescue of Latvia from Bermont's troops. P.Radziņš was one of the most outstanding officers of the Latvian Army and was awarded with numerous Latvian and foreign orders and memorials.

About found war items

In today's Latvia, the collections of various museums are supplemented by the personal collections of private individuals, which are often exhibited in public and are accessible to everyone. Many people's hobbies are ancient things, including items related to military history. Visitors often do not have an idea of the origin of these things. They suddenly appeared? In all cases, it's several years of work and an interesting, personal story about one person's interests in putting things together to make a museum out of them, for example. The narrator describes his personal experience, giving the reader an idea of the situation in Latvia after World War II. The legacy of various armies and the lack of raw materials on the farm are forcing people to find creative ways to use virtually anything to survive. Over time, the useless on the farm become valuable, historical exhibits that tell about the experience of Latvia and its people.

About Daugavgriva fortress

The narrator describes an event in the Daugavgrīva fortress during World War I, when it was bombed by an air force in the German army. The fortress was one of the strategic objects that remained important until the end of World War II.

Soldiers of the 3rd Caucasus Rifle Regiment shot in Jēkabpils during World War I for incitement to disobey orders

On May 18, 1916, in the ruins of Ģegeri half-manor (~ 7 km to the south of Jekabpils behind Brody) at At 20.30, soldiers of the 3rd Caucasus Rifle Regiment were shot dead for inciting disobedience. The execution was led by Praporšchik Ravnyalichev.

Botanical work by the sea

While performing the duties of a botanist, it was allowed to walk along the shore only with a border guard.

Hans-Gotthard Pestke

Knight of the Knight's Cross in the battles of occupation of Hiiumaa

Rebellion on the warship STOROŽEVOJ

On November 8, 1975, as was customary in the USSR, another large-scale celebration of the anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution took place in Riga. No one could have imagined, even in the most horrific nightmares, that the 58th anniversary of the revolution would enter the history of Latvia and the entire USSR with something unprecedented and unprecedented.

 
“PZ" - border zone

Memories of Andris Zaļkalns, Chairman of the Vērgale Village Council of People's Deputies (1982-1989), about life in the border area.

 
As someone fled Ventspils from the border guards with a self-built boat

In the time of the USSR, border guard patrol vessels were based in the port of Ventspils, the task of which was to patrol the waters of the Baltic Sea and prevent the crossing of the border from either side - from the outside inwards or from the inside out. However, in the 1970s, one emergency occurred in Ventspils, about which the people of Ventspils themselves whispered in the kitchens for a long time and laughed for nothing.

Slītere State Reserve in the border regime zone

Memories of former employees of Slītere State Reserve about Soviet times.

Battle of the Finnish Boys' Regiment "Northern Boys" in Beja

On February 23, 1919, an intelligence unit of the Finnish Volunteer Regiment "Northern Boys", hoping to obtain additional armaments and ammunition, reached the cliff of the river Beja School, where a collision with the Bolsheviks took place (Battle of Babeckas). 10 soldiers of the Finnish regiment fell in this battle.

Memories of the beginning of the establishment of the War Museum

The narrator describes the conditions under which the War Museum was established. Problems and collection work are mentioned.

Memories of the KGB cells in Tartu

Ülo Raidma, a member of the student resistance organization Sini-Must-Valge, recalls the time spent in his cells.

The story of 19-year-old Rice Ahmedeyev about the reconnaissance battle on February 14, 1945 near Priekule

The story of Rash Akhmadeyev (19th century), a Red Army soldier of Bashkir origin, about the Soviet army's preparations for the attack on Priekule and the February 14, 1945 intelligence battle in Piekule.

In memory of Oskars Kalpaks

The memory of Oskars Kalpaks is preserved in many places - as evidenced by his native Liepsalu houses, a monument in Visagala cemetery, memorial events and beautiful concerts on March 6, Meirāni Kalpaks Primary School, streets in Lubāna, Madona and other cities and more. But in this article - about the preservation of the memory of Oscar Kalpaks in his native half of the 20th-30th centuries. years.

Friendly Ragaciems border guard

As the time of change approached in Latvia, the coast guard became more friendly.

Aircraft engine testing laboratory

During the Soviet era, there was a strange object north of Spilves Street, if the memory is not wrong - with two low rectangular "mega-chimneys" built of red bricks, from where a reactive sound similar to the roar of aircraft engines was quite often heard.

Awarding of the 7th Sigulda Infantry Regiment in bermontiad, awarding of the great soldier Valija Veščūnas with the Lāčplēsis War Order in Alūksne

After the Latvian War of Independence, the great soldier Valija Veščunas was awarded the Lāčplēsis War Order for the November 19, 1919 battles with the Bermontians at the Plan House. Valija Veshchun was one of the first to cross the Lielupe under the fire of the enemy.

Flight to Vaiņode airfield

The story of an eyewitness about the German attack on Vaiņode airfield in 1941.

 
Battle in Kurzeme fortress near Lestene

The narrator describes his impressions of the battles around Lestene and the role of the Latvian 19th Division in the battles.

Baski päritolu lendur Benito Aguirre

Lugu baski päritolu lendurist Benito Aguirrest (korrektse nimega Ignacio Aguirregoicoa Benito), kes Mustvee kohal alla tulistati.

Were nuclear warheads buried at Tukums airfield?

Former commander of the guard Aivars Skurstenis has applied for an open conversation to the Tukums district newspaper "Neatkarīgās Tukuma Ziņas". He was once a reserve officer and a front-line bodyguard, who in 1993 was offered a guard position in the agricultural company "Durbe" headed by Laimonis Mucenieks. The office - Līvāni house - had to be guarded there. That is the beginning of the story.

"But - who has a life by the sea" (excerpt)

A small excerpt from an interview with Erika Sēni from Ģipka. He shares his memories of his life.

Battle at Kaulači half-manor in March 1945

In 1945, the Red Army observation point was located near Kaulači half-manor. Eyewitnesses remember that the battles began in March 1945. This is not the first time that World War II burials have been found in this area.

About General Karl Gopper

General K. Goppers (1876-1941) was an outstanding soldier and an outstanding man. He stood out as a successful commander who took over the command of the battalion and regiments, heroically leading his riflemen in battles for the freedom of Latvia during the First World War (1914-1919). He has participated in battles in Tīreļpurvs, Ložmetējkalns, and defended Riga.

The life of General Jānis Balozis after returning from deportation

When the Russians tried to force a military base agreement from the Latvian government in 1940, which would make the Latvian army's resistance to the Red Army almost impossible, General J. Balodis tries to get some amendments to this agreement. But it fails. But the general's bad guys use this circumstance to later correct J. Balodi almost as a traitor. After a conflict with the Prime Minister of the State and Prime Minister K. Ulmanis, on April 5, 1940, the General was relieved of the post of Minister of War. Then J. Balodis decides to participate in the Saeima elections from the Democratic Bloc, but nothing comes out of it, because only one list may stand for election - the list of communist candidates. Latvia becomes the 14th Soviet republic.

Battle of Oskars Kalpaks battalion near Lielauce

On the night of January 15, the Kalpaka Battalion won the first battle near Lielauce, beating the red attack. It was the first significant battle of the Kalpaka Battalion, when the victory gave the soldiers a particularly strong moral impetus.

Unfortunate event at the Command Centre in Oriküla

According to Major Sulev Truuväärt of the Missile Forces, an anti-aircraft missile from the Oriküla division was launched by accident in 1967.

About Kolka border guards

Baiba Šuvcāne, a resident of Kolka, tells about the times in Kolka when there were border guards.

 
USSR army base in Marciena

The Baltics were one of the most important lines of defense for the Soviet empire, the extreme western bastion, so the concentration of troops here was enormous. It is believed that Latvia was the most militarized territory in the world at that time. The exact number of military personnel is unknown, various sources mention 200,000 to 350,000 at different times. In 50 years alone, 3,009 troops were deployed in more than 700 locations in Latvia. One such place was the USSR army base in Marciena.

Vaidavians on barricades

In 2020, in anticipation of the 30th anniversary of the 1991 barricades, Vismants Priedīte shares a story about the participation of locals in these historical events.

Living conditions in Maantee

Even when viewed from Kuressaare, the military unit of Maantee village was located almost at the end of the world.

July 1976 military-patriotic game "Orlenko" at the landfill near Irbene

July 1976 military-patriotic game "Orlenko" (Latvian: "Eagle") at the tank landfill near Irbene, in which 17-year-old Ēvalds Krieviņš participated and secretly photographed the course of the games, equipment and even the Irbene antenna with the camera "Sme8M"

Forced Labour on the Jalaka Line

How anti-tank trenches were dug on the Jalaka line to protect against German invasion in the summer of 1941.

The bombing of Rezekne in 1944

The bombing of Rēzekne took place at Easter 1944, and as a result a large part of the city's buildings were destroyed and dozens of civilians were killed, while several thousand more were left homeless. People who have experienced these events on their own skin and can tell us about them were children at the time. One of them is also the author of this story.

Actor Harry Liepins' memories of his service in the German army

Harijs Liepiņš, a later popular actor, was drafted into the German army and sent to Ķegums in the autumn of 1944.

Akmeņrags lighthouse and shoal - one of the largest ship cemeteries in the Baltic Sea

It was in the Akmensrags lighthouse area that on January 13, 1923, a steamer Saratov ran aground and crashed, on which the interim government, led by K. Ulmanis, took refuge, when the independent state of Latvia became independent.

Battle at Skrunda School on January 22, 1919

Memories of Lieutenant Jānis Ķīlisis on the battles at Skrunda School on January 22, 1919

Attempt to escape from the USSR

It will be difficult for young people and foreigners inexperienced in Soviet times to believe that it was practically impossible for a Soviet citizen to get out of the USSR legally.

Memories of Werner Preijer, Commander of the Company of the 42nd Regiment of the Latvian Legion, about the battles of Kurzeme.

The Kurzeme fortress was formed after the fall of Riga on October 13, 1944 and the Russian break-up to Klaipeda on October 10, thus stopping traffic with Germany by road.

Battles in Kübassaare

The Germans also landed in the southeastern part of Saaremaa from the mainland to the coast of Muhu in 1941 with an extensive sea landing.