Echelon (French - échelon, English - echelon, Russian эшелон) - depending on the context, the term is used to denote:

part of the army layout; ie, moving, the avant-garde is followed by the army's first echelon, then the second, and so on.

train composition for single purpose freight and people (also used for military trains), ie special purpose train composition.

In the military sense, echelon means the arrangement of parts of the military formations in a tactical, operational or strategic order designed to perform various tasks in different directions (districts) or different spheres of the theater of war.

More information sources

Category: Tactical units. Art Encyclopaedic Dictionary of History.

Эшелон (военное дело). Википедия.

Related objects

Luggage railway station

Located 3 kilometers from the city of Valka, on the left side of the highway Valka - Inčukalns (A3).

During World War II, the railway line Riga - Valka was of special importance. It served as the main supply artery for the Leningrad Front for the German army. The luggage station was established in 1942 as a precinct for the formation of military echelons in Valka. It had 12 tracks. The tracks between Lugaži, Valka and Valga stations, which formed a triangle with each other, were also of strategic importance in order to turn the armored trains in the opposite direction. Near the Pilenai's house (behind the station) is a collapsed guardhouse, which was used by German soldiers to monitor prisoners of war - railway workers.

Nowadays, the station building can only be seen from the outside.

A monument has been erected at the Lugazi railway station since March 25, 1992 to more than 600 citizens of the Republic of Latvia deported to Siberia on March 25, 1949 and before that. This is a work by architect Aivars Kondrāts based on the design of the monument to Jānis Sīmanis. It is shaped like a stone cut in half, which symbolizes the hearts of a divided Latvian family, essentially the entire nation with its culture and virtues, reminding of one of the darkest pages in the history of the Latvian people.